What Causes a Cavity?


Anyone, regardless of age, can experience tooth decay or cavities. A cavity is a tiny hole that develops on a tooth when bacteria that produce acid eat away at the tooth's hard outer coating, or enamel. On your teeth, a sticky coating of germs called plaque is continually forming. The bacteria in plaque make acids that erode away at tooth enamel when you consume sugar-containing foods or beverages. These acids remain in contact with your teeth due to the stickiness of plaque, and if it is not eliminated with thorough brushing and flossing, the enamel of your teeth may deteriorate and develop a cavity.

Risk factors for cavities

There are many risk factors for cavities:

  • Plaque
  • Tartar
  • Defects in the tooth surface
  • Sugary or acidic foods
  • Too little fluoride in the teeth
  • Reduced saliva flow
  • Genetic factors

How to Prevent Cavities

  • Daily use fluoride toothpaste to brush your teeth twice.
  • Use floss or an interdental cleaner every day to clean in between your teeth.
  • Limit snacking, especially on high-sugar foods and beverages, and eat healthful, balanced meals.
  • Discuss dental sealants and supplementary fluoride with your dentist to prevent your teeth from decay.
  • Schedule routine cleanings and examinations at the dentist.

Symptoms of Cavities

Depending on which area of the tooth is impacted and how far the decay has progressed, tooth decay may or may not be painful. There is no pain when an enamel cavity exists. When the rot reaches the dentin, the pain begins. People may first only experience discomfort while eating or drinking things that are hot, cold, or sweet. This kind of pain frequently signifies that the pulp inflammation is treatable. Dentists can restore the tooth if the cavity is treated at this point, preventing the development of additional pain or problems with chewing.

Damage from a cavity that approaches or actually reaches the pulp is permanent. Even after a stimulus (like cold water) is removed, pain persists. Without stimulation, the tooth could still hurt.

The discomfort may halt momentarily if the pulp sustains irreparable damage and dies as a result. If the area at the end of the root becomes inflamed or infected, the tooth may then become sensitive when individuals bite down on it, when the tongue or a finger push on it, or both. A periapical abscess, which can result from infection, causes chronic pain that gets worse when people bite.

Dentistry Case Report

Dentistry Case Report is a peer-reviewed easy to approach journal dedicated to publishing the most comprehensive and reliable research in dental sciences.

The Journal focuses on all branches of basic dentistry. We appreciate your expertise in the related areas. With interest in publishing your informative article in our journal, the editorial panel writes to you based on your expertise that relates to the journal's scope.  

The Dentistry Case Report contributed immensely to the development of dental science and significantly impacted oral health. The research and development focus on Dental Science is increasing. Sharing of research outcomes as well as integrated scientific endeavors is fundamental for the relatively faster development of dentistry.


Journal Highlights

  • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
  • Restorative Dentistry
  • Dentofacial Orthopedics and Orthodontics
  • Oral Medicine and Radiology
  • Oral Pathology
  • Oral Surgery
  • Orodental Diseases
  • Pediatric Dentistry
  • Implantology
  • Periodontics
  • Clinical Aspects of Public Health Dentistry
  • Prosthodontics

Homepage link: https://www.pulsus.com/dentistry-case-report.html

Submission link: https://www.pulsus.com/submissions/dentistry-case-report.html

Email Id: dentistrycase@clinicalres.org